San Marcos Pueblo, at the western edge of the Galisteo Basin, is a large aggregated town that has been known to the archaeological world since Nels Nelson’s field work there in the early 20th century. Before and continuing through the Pueblo Revolt of 1680, San Marcos was a vital community, a hub of Puebloan economic, political, and social activity. San Marcoseņos were known for their fine glaze-painted ceramics traded within the Basin and beyond. Spaniards established a mission there in 1630, as well as metal smelting and assaying. Finally, because the San Marcoseņos were not united in the Pueblo Revolt that pushed Spaniards out of the colony, factions may have been present in the community.
In this lecture, Ramenofsky and Schleher jointly discuss some of their results from a decade of archaeological and historical research at the pueblo. Highlighted are evidence of stability and change in their settlement strategy, the glaze paint ceramics that inform on the nature of potting communities, and protohistoric native population change.