The Santa Fe Archaeological Society (SFAS), founded in 1900, is one of the oldest archaeological societies in North America. It became a chapter of the Archaeological Institute of America (AIA) in 1916, and remains the only AIA chapter in New Mexico.
The purpose of the SFAS is "to promote archaeological research, to stimulate the love of art, and to contribute to the higher culture of the Southwest".
During its first century, the chapter has gone from being combined with the state archeological society, to being an adjunct with the Museum of New Mexico, and then coupled with the School of American Research. It became a separate organization in 1971 and boasts a membership that is widely traveled in world archaeology.